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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

RAVELO GONZALEZ, Mercedes; FERRER DEL CASTILLO, Elier Alain; ULLOA ESPINOSA, Caridad  y  RODRIGUEZ CASTRO, Osmany. Behavior of nosocomial infections in a 12-year period . Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2008, vol.80, n.2. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION. This paper is aimed at determining the behavior of nosocomial infections in the Neonatology Service of the Provincial General Hospital of Morón and at describing the types of infections, the predisposing factors, the isolated microorganisms and the resistance of these germs to the usual antibiotics in our environment. METHODS. An observational descriptive study was carried out from March 1995 to December 2006. Data were obtained by documentary review (medical histories) and they were presented in frequency distribution tables. Measurements of central trend (arithmetical mean and median) were made. RESULTS. The infection rate observed was 12.3. The generalized sepsis was the most common type of infection and its most important risk factors were low birth weight and prematurity. The coagulase-negative staphylococcus was the most isolated microorganism in microbiological studies. Germ growth was obtained in all the studied endotracheal tubes, as well in venous catheters. The Gram-positive germs presented an elevated resistance to first-generation penicillins and cephalosporins. CONCLUSIONS. The nosocomial infections are an important problem in our service and work should be done to optimize the intensive intervention in our patients and to act on its risk factors.

Palabras clave : Nosocomial infections.

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