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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

ESPLUGAS MONTOYA, Aida E. et al. Nutritional, anthropometric and biochemical evaluation of children with cystic fibrosis. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2008, vol.80, n.2. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION. The objective of this paper was to identify some epidemiological characteristics of cystic fibrosis and to characterize the nutritional, anthropometric and biochemical state of the children with this affection. METHODS. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 17 patients under 18 that received attention at "William Soler" Pediatric Teaching Hospital from 2004 to 2005. Some epidemiological characteristics, such as sex, age, color of the skin, age on the diagnosis and genetic mutation were determined. The nutritional state was classified according to anthropometric and biochemical indicators. The anthropometric measurements were weight, height, arm circumference and tricipital fold. The studied biochemical variables were red blood cell count, albumin, total proteins, creatinine, glucose and cholesterol. RESULTS. 70.6 % of the patients were males. 13 children were aged 5-14. Delta F508 mutation was found in 12 patients (70.6 %), 6542X/R553X mutation in 1 (5.9 %) and an unknown mutation in 4 (23.5 %). The anthropometric evaluation proved that 17 % of the patients suffered from acute malnutrition. The results of the biochemical evaluation were normal in most of the patients. CONCLUSIONS. The height increase by age and sex behaved normally. The three sickest patients showed an affectation of the weighted growth for height. The patients with cystic fibrosis should have an adequate nutritional attention with an appropriate caloric and nutrimental adjustment in correspondence with the disease, supplementary pancreatic enzymes and supplies of liposoluble vitamins.

Palabras clave : Cystic fibrosis; evaluation of the nutritional state.

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