Revista Cubana de Pediatría
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119
DURAN ALVAREZ, Sandalio et al. Vesicoureteral reflux associated with dilation of fetal urinary tract. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.1, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3119.
INTRODUCTION: The aim of present study was to shows percentages of vesicoureteral reflux found in children presenting with dilation of upper urinary tract during fetal period in follow-up of normal a pregnancy. METHODS: In children with a severe o moderate dilation, confirmed after birth, we carried out a micturition urethra-cystography to set existence of vesicoureteral reflux as cause of prenatal dilation. When it was impossible to measure pelvis in prenatal USs, and only "dilation" reported, we made study considering results of first renal US. In slight dilations a micturition cystoureterogram if the child was infected, if dilation progressed or if there were associated symptoms signaling a probable lower urinary obstruction. In case of bilateral dilations we studied kidney units with slight dilations, if in contralateral kidney dilation was of a greater degree. RESULTS: Between January 2002 and December 2007, 119 children were referred to Nephrology consulting room in which by means of a ultrasonic follow-up of normal pregnancy, it was detected an expansive anomaly of urinary tract. Ten children left follow-up before specify exactly the diagnosis, and 109 were studied. In 119 children referred it was found 187 dilated units, since 78 had a prenatal bilateral dilation. Of 109 children studied, 69 were of male sex with 118 dilated kidney units, and 40 were of female sex presenting with dilation in 69 units. We found vesicoureteral reflux in 22 patients (20, 1%) and 33 flowed back units, since in 11 children reflux was bilateral. There was a predominance of high degree reflux (IV and V). CONCLUSIONS: Among dilations of urinary tract followed in prenatal period, it is necessary to find a possible vesicoureteral reflux, which is present in 20% of cases. Many of these patients may to have congenital renal affection.
Palabras llave : Prenatal renal pelvic dilation; vesicoureteral reflux; congenital renal damage; micturition cystourethrography.