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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

CRESPO CAMPOS, Angelicia et al. Characterization of clinical-epidemiological factors present in premature retinopathy. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.3. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION: Developing retina is very sensitive to all types de alterations in oxygen support. Aim of present research was to assess the clinical-pathological factors related to such entity in our practice. METHODS: An observational, longitudinal, ambispective and descriptive research was conducted in Intensive Care Unit from Neonatology Service of "Abel Santamaría Cuadrado" Hospital during 2001 and 2007. A total of 48 newborn diagnosed with retinopathy was studied. Variables analyzed included sex, age, gestational age, weight, intrauterine development, birth route, maternal backgrounds, ventilation or oxygenation dependence, and associated morbidity using two-comparison tests and K ratios of independent groups. RESULTS: Authors identified the main risk factors: male sex, gestational age under 31,6 weeks, weight lower than 1499 g, mechanic ventilation or oxygen therapy dependence during more than 96 hrs, as well as respiratory pathologies and sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: This entity is complex and its cause is probable multifactorial.

Palabras clave : Premature retinopathy; risk factors..

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