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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

SARMIENTO PORTAL, Yanett et al. Analysis of morbidity and mortality in newborns weighing less than 1500 g. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.4, pp.10-19. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION: The newborns (NB) weighing less than 1500 g contribute en a disproportionate way to the perinatal morbidity and mortality despite representing only the 1,0 1,5% of birth total. The objective of present research was to analyze the morbidity and the mortality in newborns with a very low birth weight in Neonatology Service of "Abel Santamaría Cuadrado" University Hospital in Pinar del Río Province. METHODS: An analytical, prospective, longitudinal and observational research in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of this hospital between January and December, 2007. Group included all live neonates weighing less than 1500 g admitted in NICU during the established period and sample included 52 neonates. Variables like sex, gestational age, weight, and intrauterine growth, the need of mechanic ventilation, complications and survival were analyzed. In SPSS 12 was created a database. Variables were analyzed by conceptual method. RESULTS: There was predominance of male sex (53,9%, gestational ages was between 27 and 29,6 weeks (44,2%) and uterine growth with a suitable weight according gestational age (84,6%). Hyaline membrane disease (55,8%) and metabolic disorders (50%) are the more frequent morbidities. The 59,6% of newborns needed mechanic ventilation and bronchopneumonia was the leading cause of death in 40% of cases. Survival rate was of 90,4%.

Palabras clave : Neonatal morbidity and mortality; neonates weighing less than 1500 g; complications; survival rate.

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