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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7531versão On-line ISSN 1561-3119

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VIDAL BORRAS, Emilio. Analysis of early neonatal mortality in San Miguel del Padrón municipality in Havana City. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.4, pp.20-27. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION. The objectives of this presentation were to characterize the behavior of early neonatal mortality and its relation to maternal and gestational age, risk factors, and the neonatal death causes in San Miguel del Padrón municipality in Havana City. METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was conducted on early neonatal mortality behavior in a sample of 49 deceases. Maternal and newborn variables were analyzed whose data were obtained from death medical records and clinical records. RESULTS: We found that early neonatal mortality was of a decreasing trend during the study period. The year with a higher figure of live births was in 1999 with 2146 births and an infant mortality rate of 10,7 x 1 000 life births. The early neonatal mortality rate was of 3,7 x 1 000 life births in 1999 and in 2002 years with 7 deceases in neonates under 7 days of life.. From the 129 deceases, 49 corresponded to early neonatal component and the preterm delivery was of 20.1%. The leading death cause was the sepsis (48.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Leading death causes were the sepsis, asphyxia and the congenital manifestations whereas the more frequent risk factors related to pregnancy were the vaginal moniliasis and urinary infections.

Palavras-chave : Early neonatal mortality; neonatal sepsis.

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