Revista Cubana de Pediatría
On-line version ISSN 1561-3119
POZO ALONSO, Albia; POZO LAUZAN, Desiderio and OLIVA PEREZ, Maritza. Prognostic factors of recurrence of focal epilepsy in children. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.4, pp. 28-41. ISSN 1561-3119.
INTRODUCTION: The objective of present paper was to determine the recurrent prognostic factors of focal epileptic crises at 2 years of diagnosis and of treatment onset. METHODS: This prospective, analytical and observational study included 207 children presenting two or more non-provoked epileptic crises, admitted in Neuropediatrics Department of "William Soler" Hospital between December, 2001 and December, 2003. At a two years follow-up, 185 patients concluded the study. RESULTS: The 33,5% of patients had recurrences of focal epileptic crises at the end of the year. Recurrent risk factors of crises above mentioned included: aged under 1 year, symptomatic etiology, presence of personal backgrounds of symptomatic neonatal crises and neurologic disabilities and persistence of the evolutionary electroenphalogram discharges. The logistic regression analysis showed as prognostic variables of symptomatic etiology recurrence (p = 0,000; OR = 3, 107), the persona background of symptomatic neonatal crises (p = 0,037; OR = 4,623) and the discharges persistence in the evolutionary electroencephalogram (p = 0,000; OR = 2,109). CONCLUSIONS: The personal background of symptomatic neonatal crises was the independent factor with a higher influence on recurrent focal epileptic crises.
Keywords : Recurrent prognostic factors; focal epilepsy in children; focal epileptic crises.