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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

ESPLUGAS MONTOYA, Aida; RAZON BEHAR, Roberto  y  OJEA MENENDEZ, Arturo. Nutritional support in children presenting with cystic fibrosis. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.1, pp.56-64. ISSN 0034-7531.

INTRODUCTION. Cystic fibrosis is a disease of airways, pancreas and intestinal tract. The nutritional control is a decisive feature in treatment of disease. The objective of present paper was to characterize a group of patients in nutritional support and rehabilitation phases. METHODS. A prospective study was conducted in 7 patients aged under 18 admitted for treatment in the cystic fibrosis specialized unit or the "William Soler" University Children Hospital of La Habana. At admission and at discharge, we made anthropometric measurements with a classification of malnourished, low weight and normal weight. Values were compared to those of growth and development tables of Cuban population. RESULTS. In three patients a nutritional support intervention was applied and four patients were also treated with supplementary enteral nutrition. During the nutritional assessment it was noted that caloric percentage distribution supplied by foods was of 12% for proteins, 37% for fats and 51% for carbohydrates. Energy supplied by foods consumed was of 4360 kcal, 134,27 g of protein, 177,51 g of fats and 558,20 g of carbohydrates. CONCLUSIONS. Increasing the food caloric density and applying the enteral nutrition in patients there were an increment of ponderal gain and an improvement of nutritional status.

Palabras clave : Cystic fibrosis; nutritional support; enteral nutrition.

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