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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7531versão On-line ISSN 1561-3119


PORTUONDO BARBARROSA, Ernesto. Recommendations for diagnostic orientation, performance and treatment of febrile seizures. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2018, vol.90, n.4, e434. ISSN 0034-7531.

Febrile seizures occur in the 2 to 5% of children, from 3 months to 6 years, and can be related to similar epileptic syndromes. The objective of this paper is to present a body of recommendations according to the degree of evidence that are useful to reinforce and answer some questions and clinical situations that are presented to pediatricians, neuropediatricians and neurologists when faced to children with febrile seizures. A bibliographic review on the subject was carried out in Medline database and it was supplemented with information of the databases of organizations, neurology societies and clinical practice guidelines, among others. The recommendations are structured based on questions and answers. An algorithm to be followed in the emergency service and orientations for the family is proposed. Criteria are established for the definition of crises in simple, complex and recurrent, which are the risk factors of recurrence and to develop epilepsy, what would be the main differential diagnoses to consider, how to approach the diagnosis, what would be the usefulness of the complementary tests and when to be indicated; what would be the management in emergency; criteria of hospitalization and when to prescribe intermittent or continuous prophylactic treatment. The professionals who attended febrile seizures must be able to recognize them and be optimal in their initial care, follow-up and treatment in the emergency, hospital or pediatric outpatient services.

Palavras-chave : simple febrile seizures; complex; recurrents; risk factors.

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