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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7531versão On-line ISSN 1561-3119


PEREZ PINTADO, Erdwis; FERNANDEZ GARCIA, Lourdes María  e  PEREZ PINTADO, Edrey. Fungemia caused by Rhodotorula in a critical infant. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2019, vol.91, n.1, e639. ISSN 0034-7531.


Rhodotorula is considered a contaminating, non-virulent microorganism. It is part of the microbiota of the skin, nails and mucous membranes. It is often isolated from the humanized environment. These yeasts have emerged as opportunistic pathogens in patients with immunodeficiencies carrying long-term intravenous catheters.


To inform to the pediatricians´ community a new case of fungemia due to Rhodotorula.

Case presentation:

2-month-old, preterm infant of 32.1 weeks, with a birth weight of 1800 grams, who was admitted to Intensive Care service in Provincial Pediatric Hospital of Cienfuegos province with a diagnosis of sepsis without a defined primary focus. After 5 days of treatment with meropenem and vancomycin, the fever subsides and reappears again after another 5 days. By the time the fever reappears he had an 8-day central venous catheter. In the blood cultures carried out on that date a Rhodotorulasp was isolated.


Although Rhodotorula is a low virulence microorganism, it should be considered as a potential pathogen in patients with immunosuppression and central venous catheters. Rhodotorula species are considered intrinsically resistant to azoles and echinocandins, but sensitive to amphotericin B and flucytosine. Consequently, the preferred treatment of choice is with any type of amphotericin B preparations. The results achieved constitute a call of attention to the national and foreign pediatrics´ community.

Palavras-chave : Rhodotorula; fungemia; children.

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