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vol.92 suppl.1Aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos en 36 niños cubanos con COVID-19 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119


LOPEZ GONZALEZ, Lissette del Rosario et al. Clinical-epidemiologic characterization of 183 Cuban children with infection by SARS-CoV-2. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2020, vol.92, suppl.1, e1256.  Epub 30-Nov-2020. ISSN 0034-7531.


Epidemiology and clinical patterns of COVID-19 are not yet distinguished, particularly in pediatric ages.


To characterize 183 pediatric cases infected by SARS-CoV-2 in Cuba clinically and epidemiologically.


Descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out in the period from 11 March to 29 April, 2020 in Cuba.


1619 patients were diagnosed, 183 cases (11.30%) were children, a higher percentage of pediatric patients infected by SAR-CoV-2 in Cuba that in most of the international reports. Children over 5 years were the most affected age group, the average age was 10.36 years, 54% were males, 46% were females, and 59% were asymptomatic. The source of infection was determined in 98.36% of the cases. Predominant clinical symptoms were fever (24.59%) and cough (17.49%). 8.7% of the cases presented radiologic changes, and complications were recorded in 0.5%. There were no deceased patients. Viral excretion was not detected in 96.18% of the cases after 14 days of being diagnosed.


Clinical symptomatology of the patients infected is not different from the common viral respiratory infections, prevailing fever and cough; viral excretion in respiratory secretions was cleared in less than 14 days in more than 90% of the patients. The possibility of presenting neurologic manifestations, although infrequent, is a complication of high seriousness in the evolution of COVID-19. There are no records of deceased patients.

Palabras clave : COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19 in pediatric patients.

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