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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

JIMENEZ ACOSTA, Santa Magaly. Food and nutrition in pediatric ages during the COVID-19. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2020, vol.92, suppl.1, e1154.  Epub 20-Jul-2020. ISSN 0034-7531.

It is presented a review related to food and nutrition and the new disease called COVID-19 in pediatric ages. Its main objective is to update the criteria obtained so far in relation to the management of food and nutrition in patients who suffer from COVID-19 in pediatric ages. The presence of this disease stresses the need to take into account in the food patterns the different stages of growth and development of children, mainly in the first two years of life representing a critical period for the child's future. It is analysed the most recent bibliography on the topic related to breastfeeding and its importance in the first two years of life and the criteria of international agencies in this regard. This work also addresses the criteria on the nutritional recommendations related to vitamins and trace elements and their importance for effective achievement of the interaction between food- nutrition and immunity, the protection against infections and the support during recovery; it is also emphasized the need to comply with the Dietary Guidelines for the Cuban population in the pediatric ages. It is concluded that COVID-19 is a new disease of lower incidence and less severe symptoms in the pediatric ages. However, the adequate management of breastfeeding and Cuban dietary guidelines are crucial in these ages for not to interfere with the proper growth and development.

Palabras clave : food; nutrition; COVID-19..

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