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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0138-600Xversión On-line ISSN 1561-3062

Resumen

PUIG VEGA, Ángel et al. Maternal malnutrition and its relation with some perinatal results. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2003, vol.29, n.1. ISSN 0138-600X.

Nutrition in the pregnant women is a controversial topic nowadays and among the most important factors are the maternal weight gain during gestation and an optimal gestational time. A prospective descriptive study was carried out on 363 patients seen at the Nutrition Service of the hospital, 115 of them were adolescents up to 19 years-old and the remaining 248 were pregnant over 20 years. . Data were collected in a tailored-made register book and later processed in an IBM computer in Matanzas University through MICROSTAT system. They allowed estimating the percentage, the median and the standard deviation as a measure of central tendency and of dispersion respectively, and Chi square (X2) where a £ 0,05. Twin pregnant women and those who did not give birth at the hospital were excluded from the sample. It was shown that the adolescent pregnant women did not show the biggest complications and that the most important thing was an adequate weight gain during pregnancy that may affect not only the neonate´s weight but also the perinatal morbidity and mortality indicators.

Palabras clave : MOTHER NUTRITION; NUTRITION DISORDERS; PLACENTAL INSUFFICIENCY; INDICATORS OF MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY; BIRTH WEIGHT; RISK FACTORS.

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