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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0138-600Xversión On-line ISSN 1561-3062

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ DOMINGUEZ, Pedro Lorenzo; HERNANDEZ CABRERA, Jesús  y  GARCIA LEON, Lázaro Tomás. Action proposal to reduce the mother factors related to the low birth weight. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.4, pp.532-543. ISSN 0138-600X.

The low birth weight several times increases the neonatal and infantile morbidity risk, leading to family disorders and a overload in budgets related to intensive and neonatal special care for the country. Thus, the care of this children is a world public health problem. OBJECTIVE: A descriptive and prospective study was conducted to characterize the low birth weight behavior and its relation to the mother predisposing causes of 123 low birth weight newborns compared with a similar number of neonates with similar or higher weight from 2001to 2007 or the "José Jacinto Milanés" health area in Matanzas province. Study variable include mother age, nutritional assessment, weight gain and inter-genesis, obstetric backgrounds, associated mother disease and smoking. RESULTS: There was a close relationship between he low birth weight and the mother malnutrition, insufficient weight gain and pregnancy very near each other, in nullipara with induced abortions, associated hypertensive disorders and smoking CONCLUSIONS: An educational and medical action proposal was designed to act on the mother factors related to the low birth weight. It is recommended the study on other health areas, communicate the results and the suggestion in events and a generalization to other entities.

Palabras clave : Low birth weight; mother factors; action proposal.

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