Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
versão ISSN 0138-600X
TICONA RENDON, Manuel e HUANCO APAZA, Diana. Risk factors of perinatal mortality in hospitals from the Health Ministry of Peru. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.3, pp. 432-443. ISSN 0138-600X.
INTRODUCTION: The mortality perinatal is a risks indicator deadly related to the reproduction and it shows the prenatal attention, during the childbirth and post childbirth. OBJECTIVE: Identifying risk factors associated to mortality perinatal in hospitals of the Health Ministry of the Peru and determining his capability predictive. METHODS: I study prospective, analytical, of cases and controls, in 23 hospitals of Health Ministry; of 48 422 births attended January to June 2008, cases were 951 deaths perinatales (fetal death overdue and 1000 g precocious neobirth to more) and the controls 951 born living persons, selected candidates at random. Mortality rate for thousand births, Odds Ratio with his trustworthy interval was utilized to the 95 %. SPSS Utilized statistical parcel himself. RESULTS: The death rate perinatal was 19.64 for thousand births, the fetal overdue 10.74 and precocious neobirth 9.03. The risk factors went: maternal age 35 years to more (OR=2,07), educational level illiterate or primary (OR=1.97), great multiparity (OR=2.07), deadly antecedent fetal (OR=3.17), birth in saw or jungle (OR=1.47), maternal pathology (OR=2.53), prenatal control missing or inadequate (OR=2.26), anomalous presentation (OR=2.61), I start of childbirth once was induced or elective cesarean operation (OR=2.28), I work of childbirth once was precipitated or once was extended (OR=4.70), liquid amniotic green (OR=3.99), Cesarean operation (OR=1.60), depression right away (OR=43.75) and five minutes (OR=106.28), prematurity (OR=22.89), under weight (18.02), fetal malnutrition (OR=6.97) and pathology newborn (OR=21.9). The pathology newborn, depression to the being born, under weight and prematurity, they had high value predictive (91 %). Conclusion, the risk factors of the newborn have principal association and high value predictive in order to the mortality perinatal in hospitals of Health Ministry of the Peru.
Palavras-chave : Mortality perinatal; risk factors.