Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
versión ISSN 0138-600X
SAEZ CANTERO, Viviana et al. Perinatal results related to pregnancy hypertensive disorders. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp. 36-44. ISSN 0138-600X.
Introduction: The pregnancy hypertensive disorders are related to a high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To determine the incidence of the unfavourable perinatal results associated with different pregnancy hypertensive disorders. Methods: A prospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted in the "Enrique Cabrera" Teaching and General Hospital from January 1 to December 31, 2020. Sample included 108 patients diagnosed with hypertension and in them it was possible to determine the gestational age at delivery, weight and Apgar score of the neonate, diagnosis of fetal suffering and the need of neonatal intensive cares. Percentages and Chi2 test were used for qualitative variables, using the statistical system for Window SPSS-11.5. Results: Prematurity was more frequent in patients presenting with eclampsia (4/100%) and pre-eclampsia (16/66,7 %), the mean weight of neonates was lower in patients with eclampsia (1540 ± 1160), chronic hypertension with addition of pre-eclampsia (2226 ± 1236,2) and pre-eclampsia (2442 ± 917, the great frequency of stillbirths occurred in patients presenting with eclampsia and in those with addition of pre-eclampsia (25 % each). Conclusions: The pre-eclampsia-eclampsia is associated with a high perinatal morbidity and mortality over the study period.
Palabras llave : Pregnancy hypertensive disorders; perinatal morbidity; fetal mortality; preterm birth; late intrauterine growth.