Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3046
VALDES ESTEVEZ, Basily et al. Characterization of the renal trauma in patients admitted in the "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" Central Military Hospital. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.1, pp. 4-11. ISSN 1561-3046.
INTRODUCTION: most of the renal traumata are considered as minor and require a conservative treatment, some type of surgical intervention and the diagnostic criteria related to this situation frequently are a dilemma. OBJECTIVE: to characterize the renal traumatism in its diagnostic and therapeutic features. METHODS: a descriptive and retrospective study was conducted through a review of medical records of patients admitted with renal traumata in the "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" Central Military Hospital over four years (2004-2008), taking into account: sex, age, causal agent, symptoms, the complementary examinations used, type of renal lesion, treatment applied, associated lesions , complications and mortality. RESULTS: there was predominance of male sex and the more involved age group was that of 18 to 29 years. Road accidents and falls from heights were equally present as the majority causal agents. The predominant symptom was the lumbago in the 59.2 % of patients. The abdominal ultrasound (US) was the more used diagnostic study. There was predominance of type I renal lesion and the non-surgical treatment. The more frequent associated lesions were present in the lower extremities and as a complication the surgical wound sepsis. The was a 5.3 % of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: most of the renal traumata were slights and entailed non-surgical treatment being feasible for its management relating the symptoms of each patient to the abdominal ultrasound findings.
Palabras llave : Kidney; traumatism; diagnosis; treatment.