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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

versión impresa ISSN 0138-6557

Resumen

SOLIS ALFONSO, Lesly  y  FERNANDEZ-BRITTO RODRIGUEZ, José Emilio. Characterization of bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and hips according to atherogenic risk factors in dead patients. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2013, vol.42, n.2, pp.134-144. ISSN 0138-6557.

Objective: to characterize bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and hips according to atherogenic risk factors. Methods: 79 dead patients without secondary osteoporosis were studied. Postmortem densitometry of the lumbar spine and hips was performed. The levels of bone mineral density were classified according to T score in normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis. Atherogenic risk factors were taken from clinical histories which reported: people over 60 years of age, high blood pressure, smoking habit, dyslipidemia, obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Results: the elderly, the smokers and the dyslipidemic patients presented the lowest T scores and a risk of suffering from osteoporosis of 8.7; 35.4 y 5.6 respectively. High blood pressure, obesity and diabetes did not show significant differences regarding bone mineral density, but the hypertensive ones presented a 3, 1 higher risk of suffering from osteoprosis. Conclusions: atherogenic risk factors such as aging, smoking, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure were associated to a diminished bone mass the in lumbar spine and hips as well as a higher risk of suffering from osteoporosis.

Palabras clave : osteoporosis; atherogenic risk factors; Postmortem densitometry; lumbar spine and hips.

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