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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

versión impresa ISSN 0138-6557versión On-line ISSN 1561-3046

Resumen

GUEDES DIAZ, Ramiro et al. Clinical-epidemiological characterization of Ebola disease in patients at a treatment center in Sierra Leone. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2019, vol.48, n.1, e270.  Epub 01-Mar-2019. ISSN 0138-6557.

Introduction:

Ebola disease was first reported in 1976 with a very high lethality in all outbreaks.

Objective:

To clinically and epidemiologically characterize the patients carriers of Ebola virus disease.

Methods:

we conducted an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in 424 patients admitted to an Ebola Treatment Center in the Republic of Sierra Leone, West Africa from November 2014 to March 2015. The polymerase chain reaction technique for Ebola virus confirmed the diagnosis. Medical records provided all data.

Results:

The age group most affected was 25 to 34 (25.9%). The highest lethality occurred in those over 65 years of age (44.4%). Fever was the prevailing symptom (61.8%) and hiccups occurred in 88.8% of the deceased.

Conclusion:

Clinical manifestations were variable, although fever was the main symptom. Hiccup was a sign of poor prognosis when associated with a higher percentage of mortality. Lethality was high.

Palabras clave : Ebola Virus Disease; hemorrhagic fever; epidemic.

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