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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

versión impresa ISSN 0138-6557versión On-line ISSN 1561-3046

Resumen

LABANINO CANTILLO, Ana; PEREZ PINERO, Julia; ROMERO MUNOZ, Nancy  y  DUARTE ZAMORA, Elis. Characteristics of middle-aged women. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2019, vol.48, n.4, e449.  Epub 01-Dic-2019. ISSN 0138-6557.

Introduction:

Few studies have been published in relation to the climacteric characteristics of the middle-aged woman. Due to the importance of this information to carry out health promotion actions, in this population group, the present investigation was carried out.

Objective:

Describe the sociodemographic characteristics, identify health alterations and biological characteristics related to the climacteric.

Methods:

The study classifies as descriptive, cross-sectional. A random sample of 309 women aged 40 to 59 years was studied, by means of two-stage cluster sampling, from the health area of Julián Grimau Policlinic, Havana, in the first semester of 2017. To collect the data a semi-structured questionnaire was used, applied through an interview. The percentage was used as a summary measure for the qualitative variables.

Results:

52.8% of the women studied were working and 42.7% had pre-university education. Information was received more frequently by university and pre-university women. Hypertension was declared by 35.0% of females, osteoarthrosis 25.9%, diabetes mellitus in 10.7%. The majority of hypertensive women were obese and overweight.

Conclusions:

The middle-aged women of the health area studied had predominantly pre-university education, in perimenopause, with overweight and obesity and arterial hypertension.

Palabras clave : climacteric; menopause; chronic disease; multiple chronic conditions.

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