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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

versión impresa ISSN 0138-6557versión On-line ISSN 1561-3046


LABANINO CANTILLO, Ana; PEREZ PINERO, Julia; ROMERO MUNOZ, Nancy  y  DUARTE ZAMORA, Elis. Characteristics of middle-aged women. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2019, vol.48, n.4, e449.  Epub 01-Dic-2019. ISSN 0138-6557.


Few studies have been published in relation to the climacteric characteristics of the middle-aged woman. Due to the importance of this information to carry out health promotion actions, in this population group, the present investigation was carried out.


Describe the sociodemographic characteristics, identify health alterations and biological characteristics related to the climacteric.


The study classifies as descriptive, cross-sectional. A random sample of 309 women aged 40 to 59 years was studied, by means of two-stage cluster sampling, from the health area of Julián Grimau Policlinic, Havana, in the first semester of 2017. To collect the data a semi-structured questionnaire was used, applied through an interview. The percentage was used as a summary measure for the qualitative variables.


52.8% of the women studied were working and 42.7% had pre-university education. Information was received more frequently by university and pre-university women. Hypertension was declared by 35.0% of females, osteoarthrosis 25.9%, diabetes mellitus in 10.7%. The majority of hypertensive women were obese and overweight.


The middle-aged women of the health area studied had predominantly pre-university education, in perimenopause, with overweight and obesity and arterial hypertension.

Palabras clave : climacteric; menopause; chronic disease; multiple chronic conditions.

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