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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

versión impresa ISSN 0138-6557versión On-line ISSN 1561-3046

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RODRIGUEZ PERON, José Miguel. Precision medicine and evidence-based medicine. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2019, vol.48, n.4, e321.  Epub 01-Dic-2019. ISSN 0138-6557.

The doctor in clinical practice, attends with frustration the absence of a uniform and standardized methodology, to process the great avalanche of clinical data. He is involved in a decision-making process in conditions of uncertainty. There are no illnesses but sick people. The unconscious of the medical thought, seems to want to express the extreme individual variability, which observes in the clinical practice, as well as the uncertainty that accompanies it against the supposed security of the diagnostic and therapeutic rules. Precision medicine and medicine based on evidence, were born with the intention of giving better answers to spaces of uncertainty, to clinical problems from different areas of medicine such as genomics or big data. Both increase the ability to offer the most appropriate intervention to obtain the best result in terms of survival, complications and cost-effectiveness for each patient profile based on their biometric characteristics. The postulates of precision medicine and evidence-based medicine will be under permanent scrutiny of the scientific community in relation to: its conceptual and logical rationality, its empirical sustenance, and above all the realism of its final proposals, for that reason it is proposed as an objective of the article to defend and argue that both methodological proposals represent a continuity and constitute an invaluable aid to base the clinical judgment of physicians and favor the decision making of clinical importance in the context of a doctor-patient relationship at the height of the current scientific and ethical circumstances.

Palabras clave : evidence-based medicine; precision medicine; personalized medicine; variability of clinical practice; genomics; proteomics; metabolomics.

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