version ISSN 0258-5936
MOYA, C et al. Evaluación y selección participativa de nuevas líneas y variedades de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum L.) en la región oriental de Cuba. cultrop [online]. 2009, vol.30, n.2, pp. 00-00. ISSN 0258-5936.
With the aim of increasing the genetic diversity of the species (Solanum lycopersicon L.) in the farmers´ hands from the eastern region of Cuba, both research and extension activities were carried out in such region along with the Extension, Research and Agricultural Training Unit of Holguín (UEICA-H) and “Pedro Días Cuello” CCS from Velasco people council, where a yield comparative assay was conducted including nine varieties derived from the breeding programs of “Liliana Dimitrova” Horticultural Research Institute (IIHLD) and the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences (INCA). Also, some works were performed in “Lidia Doce” UBPC of the same Velasco people council and “17 de Mayo” CPA, Caujerí valley, in San Antonio del Sur municipality, Guantánamo province, where biodiversity fairs were celebrated using lines and varieties derived from the previously mentioned centers together with the Main Research Institute on Tropical Agriculture (INIFAT). Results from yield comparative assay were evaluated through a Two-way Classification Variance Analysis and Newman Keuls´ test to establish varietal effect. Fair results were analyzed by the number of farmers selecting each variety and participants´ most useful selection criteria. Amalia, Vyta, Mariela and Mara varieties were among the most selected in both fairs, occupying different places in each of them, according to participants´ favourite ones. Mamonal-4 was included among the most selected varieties in Holguín whereas HC-2580 in Guantánamo.
Keywords : plant breeding; selection criteria; genetic variation; tomato.