version ISSN 0258-5936
TERRY, Elein et al. La innovación local como alternativa para atenuar el impacto de la sequía. cultrop [online]. 2009, vol.30, n.2, pp. 00-00. ISSN 0258-5936.
One of the main challenges that the planet faces today against climatic change is the recurrent drought; therefore, forecast and preparation to this phenomenon are key elements to reduce its impact. In Cuba, several provinces are affected by this situation. Taking into account the high impact of agriculture on this phenomenon, some actions are required to produce foods, even under drought conditions. With the aim of providing experience on this concern, the present work was developed with farmers from La Palma, Pinar del Río, and Urbano Noris, Holguín, two localities that are strongly affected by drought and salinity in our country. Different alternatives have been experimented by farmers and researchers in both communities, starting from single systems for rain capture up to diversity introduced in distinct crops and new tolerant varieties to local conditions. The application of biofertilizers, such as mycorrhiza and compost tea, has been an alternative to improve soil and let plants grow healthier and more vigorous. Results from farmer experimentation have proved the feasibility of using local alternatives, independently or forming a group, to diminish drought impact on both locations.
Keywords : drought; alternative agriculture; innovation; farmers; experimentation.