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Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical

versión impresa ISSN 0375-0760versión On-line ISSN 1561-3054

Resumen

BISSET, Juan; RODRIGUEZ, María Magdalena; DIAZ, Cristina  y  SOCA, Alain. Estudio de la resistencia en una cepa de Culex quinquefasciatus, procedente de Medellín, Colombia. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 1998, vol.50, n.2, pp.133-137. ISSN 0375-0760.

The levels of susceptibility and/or resistance to 5 organophosphate insecticides (malathion, methyl-pyrimifos, clorpirifos, temephos and fenthion), 4 pyrethroids (cypermethrin, deltamethrin, permethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin), and a carbamate (propoxur) were deternmined in order to know the state of resistance in a strain of Culex quinquefasciatus from a locality of the city of Medellín, Colombia. Resistance to all organophosphate insecticeides, though with relatively lower values for methyloirimifos and fenthion, was observed. No resistance to lambda-cyhalothrin and cypermethrin or to propoxur was found. These insecticides may be useful for the control of mosquitoes in Colombia. It was demonstrated by using the piperonil butoxide sinergist that the oxidases of multiple function played an important role in the resistance to organophosphate insecticides and pyrethroids. The utilization of S.S.S. tributyl phosphotritiate revealed that the superproduction of unspecific esterases was a mechanism of resistance to organophosphate insecticides, except methyl-pirimifos and for perythroids, exceptlambda-cyhalothrin. This result should be taken into consideration for the strategies to be used to control Culex quinquefasciatus in Colombia. These two mechanism of resistance are not responsible for the resistance to propoxur. The electrophoretic analysis showed the presence of esterases B1, A6 and B6, which seem to have an important function in resistance.

Palabras clave : INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE; INSECTICIDES ORGANOPHOSPHATE; PYRETHRINS; CARBAMATES MOSQUITO CONTROL; CULEX; COLOMBIA.

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