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Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical

versión impresa ISSN 0375-0760versión On-line ISSN 1561-3054

Resumen

GONZALEZ NUNEZ, Ida; DIAZ JIDY, Manuel  y  PEREZ AVILA, Jorge. La transmisión materno infantil del VIH/SIDA en Cuba. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2000, vol.52, n.3, pp.220-224. ISSN 0375-0760.

The number of children born to HIV/AIDS-seropositive mothers in Cuba is small due to the implementation of the program for the prevention of maternal-infant transmission of HIV/AIDS in Cuba. During the studied period (January lst, 1985, to December 3lst, 1999) 64 children were born , 9 were infected with HIV, 7 of them have developed AIDS (3 have died due to this cause and 4 are under treatment with antiviral agents and proteases inhibitors) and 2 are asymptomatic HIV seropositive. Of the 48 children that concluded the study, 39 (81.25%) are sound and 9 (18.75%) are HIV/AIDS-seropositive children, which is a low figure of maternal-infant transmission compared with that of the developed countries. Since 1997, when AZT began to be administered to mothers and children, none of the 8 children that finished the study have been infected. Up to now, 10 HIV/AIDS-seropositive children, 9 by perinatal route and 1 by blood transfusion, already dead, have been reported in the country.

Palabras clave : ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME [congenital]; INFANT; NEWBORN; MOTHER-CHILD RELATIONS; ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME [transmission].

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