Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3054
QUINONES PEREZ, Dianelys et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence factors found in Enterococcus species causing pediatric infections in Cuba. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2008, vol.60, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3054.
Objectives: to find out the prevalence of Enterococcus species causing child infections, their virulence, antimicrobial susceptibility and most frequent infections. Methods: One hundred and fifty six isolations from Enterococcus causing infections in children, admitted to "Octavio de la Concepción y La Pedraja" hospital in Holguin, were studied. The phenotypical methods allowed identifying species and detecting virulence factors. Following Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute requirements, minimal inhibitory concentration was determined for vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, ampicilline, gentamycin, streptomycin, chloranphenicol, nitrofurantoine, erythromycin, tetracycline, levofloxacin and norfloxacine. Results: Strains were isolated from the blood, the urine, surgical wounds, the skin and the soft tissue, the middle ear, the vulva, catheter point, peritoneal fluid, vagina, sperm, cerebrospinal fluid, and from other sources. The prevailing species was Enterococcus faecalis followed by Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus gallinarum y Enterococcus raffinossus, Enterococcus casseliflavus y Enterococcus avium. Protease and hemolysin was only detected in E. faecalis. E. faecium accounted for the highest percentage of resistance to ampicillin, ciprofloxacine, norfloxacin, levofloxacin whereas E. faecalis was more resistant to erythromycin, chloranphenicol and tetracycline. Fifty eight E. faecalis isolates and 12 E. faecium isolates exhibited the highest levels of resistance to gentamycin, as well as 45 % and 32.3 % of samples had high levels of resistance to streptomycin respectively. A vancomycin-resistent E. faecium strain was detected. Conclusions: The circulation of virulent and multiple resistant Enterococcus strains indicates that Enterococcus infection need to be controlled and the importance of monitoring antimicrobial susceptibility, in order to prevent the selection of strains with these characteristics in hospitals and their possible extension to the community .
Palabras llave : Antimicrobial susceptibility; virulence factors; Enterococcus; children.