Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1561-3054
LEYVA SILVA, Maureen et al. Inhibitory effect of turpentine oil on Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae growth. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.3, pp. 212-216. ISSN 1561-3054.
INTRODUCTION: in the fight for environmental protection, finding out alternative ways to control vectors that are important from the medical viewpoint is a must. Those plants having potent active principles and high chemical stability to act as pesticides can contribute to this end. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the possible inhibitory effect of photochemically-modified turpentine oil on Aedes aegypti larvae growth. METHODS: Aedes aegypti larvae of an insecticide-sensitive strain from the insect breeding site located in the Institute of Tropical Medicine were used. During a week after the exposure to the lethal dose causing 90% mortality, the mortality indexes of larvae and pupas were recorded as well as the number of emerged adults and their sex in addition to adults stuck to the exuvias. RESULTS: high larval and pupal mortality was observed in the survivors to the lethal dose causing 90 % mortality after one week of the exposure; mortality index was 39,46 %. Larvae which managed to grow to become adults amounted to 60,54 % of the surviving larvae. Female to male ratio was very similar in the control whereas the exposed group showed a higher number of male adults. On estimating the hatching inhibition percentage, it got 36,47 %. CONCLUSIONS: the activity of turpentine oil as larvicide and Ae. aegypti growth inhibitor was demonstrated.
Keywords : Aedes aegypti; inhibition; turpentine oil.