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Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical

versión impresa ISSN 0375-0760versión On-line ISSN 1561-3054

Resumen

VARGAS HERRERA, Natalia Gladys  y  SAAVEDRA-VELASCO, Marcos José. Viscerocutaneous loxoscelism with a favorable outcome in a rural area. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2021, vol.73, n.2, e595.  Epub 01-Ago-2021. ISSN 0375-0760.

Accidents caused by spider bites are a public health problem in Peru. Of these, those related to Loxosceles spider bites have been the cause of numerous deaths, mainly on the coast. These bites generally result in a cutaneous lesion or systemic involvement, which may threaten the person's life if not treated timely. An international protocol is not yet available for the diagnosis, prediction or management of Loxosceles spider bites. Therefore, therapeutic options are applied which are not supported by evidence. Still, timely and appropriate support management is crucial in severe cases. An unusual case of viscerocutaneous loxoscelism is presented, also known as systemic loxoscelism, which occurred in a rural area. The case was characterized by severe renal involvement requiring hemodialysis, but its outcome was favorable, despite not using antiloxoscelic serum, which shows the importance of timely management based on appropriate support measures.

Palabras clave : viscerocutaneous loxoscelism; sphingomyelinase; hyaluronidase.

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