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Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0289versión On-line ISSN 1561-2996


DIAZ CONCEPCION, Alina  y  ALMAGRO VAZQUEZ, Delfina. Present state of the blood coagulation mechanism. Rev Cubana Hematol Inmunol Hemoter [online]. 2001, vol.17, n.2, pp.77-89. ISSN 0864-0289.

At present, it is categorically accepted that the exposure of the tissue factor (TF) is the main initiator event of blood coagulation, which brings about the formation of the factor VIIa/TF complex that activates the factors IX and X on the surfaces of the cells expressing the TF and, thus, the first amounts of thrombin are formed. This thrombin has multiple functions in the haemostatic mechanism, but it is insufficient to attain an efficient haemostasis, which is only possible with the assembly of the prothrombinase complex on the platelet surface. The discovery in the 1990’s of the activation of factor XI by thrombin allows to explain the clinical observations made in those patients with deficiency of the coagulation contact phase factors: these patients do not present hemorrhagic complications (excepting the deficit of factor XI). The recent discovery of the activation of precallicrein and factor XI by a cysteine protease located mainly on the surface of the endothelial cells make us think about a new role of these proteins in vivo. Blood coagulation is a closely regulated process and due to its physiological significance it is important the regulation of the tissue factor pathway that limits the initial amounts of thrombin, as well as the regulation of the proteases formed during the mechanism of coagulation by antithrombin III and of the cofactors activated by the protein C system

Palabras clave : BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS [analysis]; PROTHROMBIN [analysis].

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