Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia
versión On-line ISSN 1561-2996
SILVA BALLESTER, Hilda M et al. Transfusion reactions at “Comandante Faustino Pèrez” Provincial University Hospital in the province of Matanzas. Rev Cubana Hematol Inmunol Hemoter [online]. 2007, vol.23, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-2996.
From 2003 on, it was started the control and analysis of the adverse effects of blood transfusion at “Comandante Faustino Pérez” Provincial University Hospital by the report and study of all the transfusion reactions in order to know their frequency, type and severity, as well as their relation to the component used, the date of the extraction, and the sex of the recipient. The errors detected and corrected before the procedure were reported. This study was conducted under the counselling and control of “Minerva Duarte” Provincial Blood Bank as part of the vigilance of the blood products and the transfusion chain aimed at reducing the adverse effects and at increasing transfusion safety. The data obtained showed a decrease of the number of adverse reactions from 52, in 2002, to 14, in 2005. The most common reactions were the non-hemolytic febrile reactions and the allergic reactions, whereas the most serious was bacterial contamination. The most frequent amended mistakes before transfusion were those made by the group with the transfusion bag. The packed cells proved to be the component that originated the greatest amount of reactions. Females had more reactions. The study allowed to take corrective and preventive measures to lower the reactions and improve the transfusion safety in the hospital.
Palabras llave : Transfusion; transfusion reactions; transfusion safety; hemovigilance; non-hemolytic febrile reaction; bacterial contamination.