Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia
versión On-line ISSN 1561-2996
MARTINEZ TRIANA, Raúl; SVARCH, Eva y MENENDEZ VEITIA, Andrea. Cognitive limitation present in children with drepanocytemia without a neurologic affection history. Rev Cubana Hematol Inmunol Hemoter [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.1, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-2996.
In past years cognitive difficulties are reported in children with drepanocytemia (SCA) without evident neurologic affection, and we emphasized the need of a specialized care. A total of 29 patients were studied without any element evidencing affection of central nervous system (CNS) in registered in their medical records. We applied the Wechsler intelligence scale compared to health children. We get information from their teachers on performance in subjects like Mathematics and Spanish, interest and discipline during the classes. We note a decrease in intelligence quotient (IC) from the total scale (p= 0,014), and from rendition scale (p= 0,008), and also in similarity scales (p= 0,048), to figures array (p= 0,017), and block design (p= 0,001). Professors considered that Mathematics and Spanish performance (40 % and 36 %, respectively) lower than in the other pupils. Neurocognitive deficit is present in children with SCA without a prior history of CNS affection, thus, this area must to be periodically assessed as part of its integral care.
Palabras llave : Drepanocytemia; psychological disorders; neurocognitive disorders..