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Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0289versión On-line ISSN 1561-2996


MAESTRE SERRANO, Ronald Yesid et al. Febrile neutropenia associated with methimazole ingestion: case report. Rev Cubana Hematol Inmunol Hemoter [online]. 2019, vol.35, n.1, e916. ISSN 0864-0289.

Neutropenia is defined as an absolute neutrophil count less than 1500 cells / μL. It is due to the decrease in the production of granulocytes or increase in their destruction, either at the medullary or peripheral level. According to the classification of the World Health Organization (WHO) the degrees of neutropenia range from 0 to IV, taking into account the magnitude of the decrease in the neutrophil count. Grade IV is the highest risk and corresponds to counts below 500 cells /μL. The impact on morbidity and mortality associated with neutropenia is not linked to the direct reduction of the cell count, but to the associated infectious processes to which patients who present it are prone. There are several conditions under which neutropenia can develop, including infections, malignancies and drugs. The latter can generate adverse effects by dose-dependent mechanisms, as in the case of cytotoxic chemotherapy or an idiosyncratic reaction. Next, the case of a female patient of thirty-seven years of age, with a history of thyrotoxicosis, treated with propanolol and methimazole for four weeks, who in addition to toxic manifestations, presents very severe febrile neutropenia that improves after suspension of the antithyroid. We aim to highlight the association of febrile neutropenia as a complication of thionamide use and the importance of follow-up with laboratory tests for an opportune diagnosis.

Palabras clave : hyperthyroidism; thyrotoxicosis; febrile neutropenia; methimazole.

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