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Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0300versión On-line ISSN 1561-3011

Resumen

GUZMAN CAYADO, Mayque  y  ACOSTA GONZALEZ, Ariel. Diabetes mellitus e ingreso hospitalario. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd [online]. 2001, vol.20, n.4, pp.254-259. ISSN 0864-0300.

To characterize the diabetic population admitted in the Internal Medicine Service of "Ciro Redondo" Hospital, it was designed a descriptive and prospective study of the patients hospitalized with this diagnosis during 1998. General data, data refering to the disease and the results of a physical examination were collected in a form prepared to this end. Of 100 patients that were admitted during this period, 27 were excluded (19 for not cooperating and 8 because they had already been analyzed in a previous study). The group of analysis was composed of 73 patients. Average age was 59.1 ± 14.6 and the time of evaluation was 12.3 ± 9.6 years. The systolic arterial pressure was 134.9 ± 28.6 and the diastolic was 78.1 ± 13.3 mm of Hg. Females predominated (67.1 %), as well as the white (78.1 %) and the non-insulin dependent diabetes (87.7 %). Sepsis and discontrol were the main causes of admission, with 22 (30.1 %) and 16 (21.9 %) patients, respectively. Arterial hypertension and ischemic heart disease had the highest incidence within the personal pathological history. Of the total of patients, 38.4 % showed some neurologic alteration suggestive of diabetic polyneuropathy, 6.9 % had undergone amputation and other 6.9 % had ulcerations of the lower limbs. The level of information of the patients about the disease and its complications proved to be deficient

Palabras clave : DIABETES MELLITUS; HOSPITALIZATION; PATIENT ADMISSION; SECONDARY HEALTH CARE; PRIMARY HEALTH CARE; RISK FACTORS; HEALTH EDUCATION; PATIENT EDUCATION; HEALTH PROMOTION.

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