Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3011
LOBAINA BARTHELEMY, Leonor et al. Characterization of Cuban strains of HIV-1 by bioassays and bio-information methods. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd [online]. 2010, vol.29, n.3, pp. 320-330. ISSN 1561-3011.
By the classic biological assays it has been possible to determine the use of HIV-1 strains co-receptor, which have been classified in R5, X4 or R5/X4, characteristic related to the NIS or IS phenotype and to the clinical course. By bio-information methods the amino acid changes in the region of V3 loop of the env using the co-receptor. In present paper are showed the results of a characterization study of eleven strains from HIV-1 infected subjects, five seropositive and six with a fast progression to AIDS. Authors compared the results of phenotype study conducted by two classic assays, use of co-receptors and ability to induce syncytia in MT2 and three bio-information methods, rule 11/25, point matrices in specific locations (PSSM) and the geno2pheno program. The five strains from asymptomatic seropositive patients coincided according all methods used as R5/NIS. Five of the six strains from fast progression patients were classified as R5/X4 and IS by biological assays; whereas two were classified as R5/X4 by Geno 2 Pheno, one by PSSM and all were pure X4 by the rule 11/25. The assays used in the study allowed us to characterize the isolated strains and to relate the phenotype to the infection course, thus, we considered that using biological assays or bio-information methods it is possible to conduct characterization studies, its usefulness depends on the pursued objectives.
Palabras llave : HIV; viral phenotype; co-receptors; biological assays; bio-information tools.