Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3011
FERNANDEZ ROMERO, Tammy et al. Markers of oxidative stress in diabetic pregnants. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd [online]. 2010, vol.29, n.4, pp. 417-427. ISSN 1561-3011.
Introduction: The management of oxidative stress in diabetic pregnants could be beneficial to prevent complications like the congenital malformations. However, there is not a consensus as regards the relevance of applying antioxidant therapies before or during pregnancy. The ambiguity of some results as regard the real damage on biomolecules could be the cause of such disagreement. The aims of present study were to assess the state of the markers of oxidative damage to biomolecules and the antioxidant defence in diabetic pregnants, as well as to analyze the influence of the type of diabetes on the REDOX state during pregnancy. Methods: Thirty two diabetic pregnants (15 with pregestational diabetes and 17 with gestational diabetes) and 27 healthy pregnants with an average pregnant time higher than 20 weeks. Markers were assessed using spectrophotometry and high-performance liquid chromatography techniques. Results: There was oxidative damage to genetic material and proteins together with a decrease also significant in antioxidant defenses mediated by the reduced glutathione in pregestational diabetic pregnants. The nitrates and nitrites levels were not different among groups. Conclusions: Results allowed us to make sure that women with pregestional diabetes had a oxidative stress state deteriorating the antioxidant defenses and not counteract the oxidative damage to biomolecules.
Palabras llave : Pregestational diabetes; gestational diabetes; congenital malformations; oxidative stress.