Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas
versão ISSN 0864-0300
CARNERO ALVAREZ, Yorian Esteban; TRIANA CASADO, Idalia; CARBALLO WONG, Ceilan e MEDINA PERDOMO, Juan Carlos. Characterization of simple chronic glaucoma in a health area from the Isla de la Juventud Special Municipality. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd [online]. 2011, vol.30, n.4, pp. 478-486. ISSN 0864-0300.
Objective: To identify the clinical-epidemiological features of simple chronic glaucoma in persons aged over 40 in the "Dr. Juan Manuel Páez Inchausti" health area, Nueva Gerona, Isla de la Juventud municipality. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the second trimester of 2008 in one the health area covering the primary care of inhabitants of Nueva Gerona. The 98.8 % of patients aged over 15 was examined and after applications of selection criteria, 90 patients with a diagnosis previous to disease were considered according to the stipulated parameters for its follow-up. Following variables were analyzed: age, sex, skin color, relation intraocular-papillary excavation, campimetry alterations, symptoms and signs, family disease backgrounds according to the relationship degree and systemic and ocular diseases associated with risk approach. The information processing was made by conceptual method. Results: There was more reported patients aged between 60 and 69 (24.4 %), of women (53.3 %) and of white race (38.9 %). The predominant values ranks of intraocular pressure and of papillary excavation were between 16 and 21 mmHg (40.0 %), between 0.4 and 0.7 (37.8 %); in relation between both variables the two ranks predominate (16.7%). Conclusions: The more relevant clinical-epidemiological features of the simple chronic glaucoma in study patients not differing in general from that reported in literature, except the white race women predominance maybe due to sample conformation. The information obtained from present study must to be considered as part of initial registry of disease features in Cuba.
Palavras-chave : Characterization; active screening; simple chronic glaucoma; Isla de la Juventud; Cuba.