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Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0300


CRUZ CARDENTEY, Marleny. Short QT syndrome. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.2. ISSN 0864-0300.

The short QT syndrome is an inherited channelopathy characterized by an abnormal shortening of the QT interval (QTI), an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation and/or malignant ventricular arrhythmias, and the absence of structural heart disease. It is a heterogeneous disease and mutations have been identified in the genes encoding potassium and calcium channels. An increase in potassium net efflux or a decrease in calcium influx facilitate the heterogeneous shortening of ventricular repolarization. A marked shortening of the wavelength of the circuit is an additional arrhythmogenic factor. The clinical course ranges from asymptomatic forms to paroxysmal or permanent atrial fibrillation, syncope, ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. The ECG shows QTI 220-360 ms, high and sharp T waves, prolongation of the final peak interval of the T wave, and QTI drive. It is a rare disease whose importance lies in the high risk of sudden death, which may sometimes be its debut. It may overlap Brugada syndrome and early repolarization. Diagnosis requires excluding secondary causes of QTI shortening. Failure to identify a mutation does not exclude it. Programmed electrical stimulation has a low diagnostic and prognostic value. Defibrillation is the therapy of choice for patients with aborted sudden death or ventricular arrhythmias with hemodynamic compromise. Quinidine is an alternative therapeutic option.

Palabras clave : short QT syndrome; sudden death; channelopathies.

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