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Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0300

Resumen

BOJORGES VELAZQUEZ, Luis Alberto; CASTILLO HERRERA, José Arcides  y  JIMENEZ TAMAYO, Roberto. Risk factors of metabolic syndrome among students from Pablo Guardado Chávez University, 2013. Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd [online]. 2013, vol.32, n.4, pp.379-388. ISSN 0864-0300.

Introduction: metabolic syndrome affects more than 25% of the Mexican population. This is attributable to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Objective: determine the prevalence of risk factors of metabolic syndrome in a sample of students from Pablo Guardado Chávez University in the city of Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, Mexico. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of 190 students (99 female and 91 male) aged 17-28. Anthropometric measurements were taken: body mass index and waist circumference. Determination was made of blood pressure, heart rate, and levels of serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose. Results: nine students were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome based on ATP-III criteria. The most common risk factors of metabolic syndrome were android obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia and hypertension. Of the sample studied, 51 % presented risk factors of metabolic syndrome. 35.26 % were overweight and 15.80 % were obese. 78 % had a family history of ischemic heart disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. 100 % of obese and overweight subjects were sedentary and had unhealthy eating habits. Conclusions: in the sample studied, 1 in 21 had metabolic syndrome, and 1 in 2 presented risk factors of metabolic syndrome. Follow-up and counseling have been provided.

Palabras clave : metabolic syndrome; abdominal obesity; hypertension; dyslipidemia; type 2 diabetes mellitus; sedentary lifestyle; poor dietary habits.

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