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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0319

Resumen

DIAZ CUESTA, Mercedes  y  RODRIGUEZ HERRERA, Fidelina. The asthmatic adolescents' knowledge about their disease. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.3, pp.209-217. ISSN 0864-0319.

Nowadays, asthma is a growing ailment; the most common chronic illness affecting the adult and the infant populations in the developed world, where over 5% of inhabitants suffer from it. It is estimated that this disease causes one to two million deaths per year. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban junior high school in La Habana from January 2010 to March 2011. A group of asthmatic adolescents of both sexes aged 12 to 14 years were surveyed. The objective was to identify the level of knowledge that the students had acquired about their disease, the drugs used in the asthma attacks and between attacks, the behavior adopted to face up to attacks, their preparation for life and the association of their disease and lower educational performance. It was found that grandmothers and mothers were the fundamental sources of information on asthma, Salbutamol in aerosol form was the most frequent drug in crisis, the non- application of treatment between attacks was predominant; the students did not relate their disease to lower educational performance and a large number of them behaved adequately in the face of asthma attacks and did know about the disease.

Palabras clave : asthma; adolescence; knowledge.

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