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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0864-0319


NAVARRO PENA, Yuleer  and  SALAZAR MOLINA, Alide. Characterization of the family health in a locality aimed at preparing a care program. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.2, pp.77-88. ISSN 0864-0319.

Background: to manage the family group care, it is useful to know the health situation and the stratification of the families according to their conditions. Objectives: to determine the health situations of families registered at CESFAM Lorenzo Arenas de Concepcion in Chile and to determine the acceptance of family intervention by the head of the household and the family group. Methods: cross-sectional and descriptive design. The universe of study was formed by 5591 families registered at CESFAM Lorenzo Arenas and the final sample consisted of 204 families selected by the probabilistic sampling. The confidence index of 95% and the confidence interval was 5%. The instruments of data collection were a questionnaire on biodemographic antecedents, the family functioning perception test, the inventory of risky family characteristics and the family health matrix. It was all applied to the heads of households after informed consent. SPSS program 17.0 served to process data which were analyzed through summary statistics. Results: in the group, 75% of families classified into the highly critical condition area and good intrafamily functioning, 22% presented family adjustment, 3% had extremely severe problems, highly critical conditions and dysfunctionality. There was no case of dysfunctional intrafamily relationships with low critical conditions. In this study, 74% of the heads of households stated that they would accept family intervention and 42% said that the whole family group would also do it. Conclusions: predominance of families with serious illnesses due to highly critical conditions in the family, a high percentage of which would accept the health team intervention. This information is useful to direct the care management and the preparation of a care program aimed at the families living in this locality.

Keywords : family health; family nursing; family and community medicine.

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