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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0864-0319On-line version ISSN 1561-2961


GARZON PATTERSON, Mabel; PASCUAL CUESTA, Yadira  and  COLLAZO LEMUS, Esther de la Concepción. Relationship between depression and sociodemographic characteristic in principal caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.1, e1513.  Epub Mar 01, 2018. ISSN 0864-0319.


Dementias are one of the issues most important public health of the century, Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause. The biggest cost is the human, especially primary caregivers, who contract risks on physical and mental health, causing depression.


To identify the relationship between depression and some sociodemographic characteristics of the main caregivers.


Descriptive correlational Polyclinic "Carlos Manuel Portuondo" Marianao municipality, from January 2010 to September 2012, in a universe of 35 primary caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease in mild and moderate. The information was obtained with the sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, and Beck Depression Inventory, processed and analyzed with absolute and percentage frequencies. The association through parametric test Pearson correlation coefficient was evaluated.


Of the 35 primary caregivers the 82.85 % were female; The 60.00 % were daughters; 45.71 % were 60 years and over, without employment (85.71 %), with a higher level of education (45.71 %) and 68.60 % did not receive support patient care; the 37.10 % showed mild depression. negative and weak positive correlation was found between depression and some sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of primary caregiver.


Negative and weak positive relationship between depression and some sociodemographic of primary caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease characteristics were identified.

Keywords : Dementias; Alzheimer disease; depression; primary caregivers.

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