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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0319versión On-line ISSN 1561-2961

Resumen

GARZON PATTERSON, Mabel  y  PASCUAL CUESTA, Yadira. Behavioral relationship between psychological symptoms of patients with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers perceived overload. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.2, e1584.  Epub 01-Jun-2018. ISSN 0864-0319.

Introduction:

Dementia is a clinical syndrome characterized by neuropsychiatric and emotional disorders and the Alzheimer's disease is the cause more frequent. This means a challenge in the care of these patients because of its symptom affect the caregiver's health and quality of life, and this causes them overload. Objective: to identify the relationship between psychological-behavioral symptoms in patients with Alzheimer diseases and the overload perceived by its principal caregivers.

Methods:

a descriptive and correlative study of 35 principal caregivers of patients with minor and moderate Alzheimer disease from the policlinic "Carlos Manuel Portuondo" of Marianao municipality, from January of 2010 to September of 2012, they were select by a self - interest sampling. The information was picked up with the Neuropsychiatric inventory and the Zarit scale; it was processing with absolute and percentage frequency distributions, also the association were evaluated with the Pearson Correlation coefficient (r).

Results:

It was show a weak positive relationship for the repetitions (r= 0.412) (s=0.014), the depression (r= 0.269) (s=0.118), the agitation or aggression (r= 0.433) (s=0.009), the disinhibition (r=0.433) (s=0.009), the irritability (r=0.433) (s=0.009), anxiety (r= 0.331) (s=0.052), the apathy (r= 0.416) (s=0.013) and the delusions (r= 0.242) (s=0.151); and a mean positive relationship for the hallucinations (r=0.589) (s=0.000).

Conclusions:

It was identifying the relationship between some psychological-behavioral symptoms in patients with Alzheimer diseases and the overload perceived by its principal caregivers.

Palabras clave : Dementias; Alzheimer disease; psychological-behavioral symptoms; overload; principal caregivers.

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