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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0319versión On-line ISSN 1561-2961


CARNEIRO MUSSI, Fernanda  y  BRITO TEIXEIRA, Jules Ramon. Ischemic heart disease and masculinity as cardiovascular risk factors. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.2, e1613.  Epub 01-Jun-2018. ISSN 0864-0319.


Gender stereotypes translate male conceptions and actions of illness and self-care, implying in health indicators.


To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and ischemic heart disease in men; to discuss the relationship between masculinity and exposure to cardiovascular risk factors and these diseases.


Epidemiological, descriptive and retrospective study, realized through secondary data originated from Vigitel and DATASUS, for adult men, in Brazil, of the 2010-2014 period.


Men, compared to women, had higher prevalence of smoking (22.5 %), overweight (56.5 %), abusive alcohol consumption (23.4 %), physical inactivity (16.2 %) and longer television time (25.8 %). They were victims of higher mortality from Angina Pectoris (51.4 %), Acute Myocardial Infarction (58.9 %) and Chronic Ischemic Heart Disease (55.8 %), with a growing trend, in the last five years. Male behaviors express health care resistance and are associated with socio-cultural and institutional factors that, together or individually, potentialize the exposure to risk situations and the difficulty of recognize their needs and seek the health services.


Men are more expose to risk factors and cardiovascular disease mortality and social constructions of gender are determinants of the health-disease process.

Palabras clave : Men; risk factors; cardiovascular diseases; gender; masculinity.

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