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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0319versión On-line ISSN 1561-2961

Resumen

BRITO PLACENCIA, Dennisse et al. Community diagnosis experience on the model of nursing. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.3, e1339.  Epub 01-Sep-2018. ISSN 0864-0319.

Introduction:

Working with and for the community allows integrating the perspective of people regarding their health status, the benefits of their environment, government and health systems, identify problems that affect the well-being of the people who form it .

Objective:

To describe the experience of applying a community diagnosis under the nursing model of Elizabeth Anderson in community "Los Microbuseros" of Peñalolén, Santiago de Chile.

Methods:

Descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample of 285 people from 63 families. To obtain the information a survey was applied and processed in the SPSS program. The variables studied were the 8 subsystems of the Elizabeth Anderson model.

Results:

Diabetes Mellitus II presents 34.92 %, arterial hypertension 42.85 %, sedentarism 67.36 %, smoking 31.22 %, does not participate in community organizations 55.55 %, does not use municipal programs 96.82 % Does not receive information on government health programs, 80,95 % of families increased alcohol and drug consumption on public roads in the last year 95.23 %, did not know the number of police security in the sector 74,60 %. 80.85 % did not know the cardiovascular health program, 96.82 % did not go to the Health Center.

Conclusion:

The Anderson model allows valuing the community in a holistic way, showing that health can be influenced by other systems such as economy, safety, education, among others. Therefore, the need to strengthen the protective factors and intervene on the risks to improve the quality of life of the community arises.

Palabras clave : health nursing; nursing; prevention; promotion; family.

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