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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0319versión On-line ISSN 1561-2961

Resumen

NUNEZ RODRIGUEZ, Mirelis et al. Risk factors for precursor lesions of the cervix. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.3, e1480.  Epub 01-Sep-2018. ISSN 0864-0319.

Introduction:

Early diagnosis of uterine cervical cancer is an important practice to maintain health.

Objective:

To identify risk factors for precursor lesions of the cervix.

Methods:

An observational study of cases and controls in the Policlinico "Manuel Piti Fajardo" during 2015. The universe, consisting of 46 women between 25 and 59 years old with altered cytologies (study group), for the control group, by simple random sampling Selected 46 women of similar age to the negative cytology study. The information was obtained by applying a survey and the organic cytology cards, the percentage analysis, the arithmetic mean and the Chi-square test were used to determine associations between variables.

Results:

Smoking was predominant in the Study Group (73.91 % with X² = 35.28); 60.87 % with sexual intercourse before 15 years and (X² = 26.67); the condom was used by the 8.70 % of the patients; 36.96 % had more than four sexual partners and 34.78 % had human papilloma (X² = 134.08).

Conclusions:

Smoking factors, early onset of sexual intercourse, no condom use, multiple sexual partners, and a history of sexually transmitted infections were identified as risk factors for precursor cervical lesions.

Palabras clave : Carcinoma in situ; cervical neoplasms; risk factors.

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