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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0319versión On-line ISSN 1561-2961

Resumen

IBARRA CRUZ, Daniela; SABOGAL AGUILAR, Valentina  y  RENGIFO ARIAS, Diana Marcela. Transitions experienced by a person living with the human immunodeficiency virus. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.4, e3460.  Epub 01-Dic-2020. ISSN 0864-0319.

Introduction:

The human immunodeficiency virus destroys the cells of the immune system, generates changes in the health condition of those who contract it on a physical, emotional, spiritual and social level; It constitutes a life-changing event and must be comprehensively analyzed to develop effective therapeutic support.

Objective:

Understand the transitions experienced by a person living with the human immunodeficiency virus, the nature of the transition, the facilitating and inhibiting conditions and the response patterns from the theory of transitions.

Methods:

Qualitative research with life history design, carried out in Armenia, Colombia during 2018. An in-depth interview was conducted to a person, from the postulates of Afaf Meleis, the data was categorized and analyzed using the ATLAS TI version 7 software.

Results:

It was possible to demonstrate a health-disease transition, with a simultaneous and sequential multiple pattern, upon receiving the diagnosis from her and her son, requiring adjustments in the performance of his role (situational-organizational transition); Previous knowledge about the virus and commitment to pharmacological treatment were identified. In addition, love and faith towards God was evident, to whom he attributes a large part of his recovery along with family accompaniment and his support group.

Conclusions:

It is important to create an individual profile of the patient, which leads to optimal support from educational, motivational, participatory and collective strategies to address the physical, emotional, spiritual and social dimension of people living with the human immunodeficiency virus.

Palabras clave : HIV; Life-Changing Events; Nursing Theory; Transitions; Psychological adaptation.

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