Pastos y Forrajes
versão ISSN 0864-0394
FUNES-MONZOTE, F. R et al. Initial evaluation of integrated systems for food and energy production in Cuba. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.4, pp. 445-462. ISSN 0864-0394.
The objective of the study was to define a typology of integrated food and energy production systems with agroecological approach, in Cuba. The results are based on a preliminary evaluation of the performance of integrated farms belonging to the international project Biomas-Cuba. A methodology is described which can be helpful as basis for future evaluations of the diversity-efficiency-energy-productivity relationship, in the search for typologies that can characterize, as accurately as possible, such integrated systems. The methodology allowed quantifying the performance of diversity, energy efficiency and productivity of 25 production systems in different conversion stages and distributed in the western, central and eastern regions of Cuba. The evaluated indicators (previously validated in Cuba for this type of study) and the use of empirical calculation and multivariate statistical methods allowed identifying and characterizing three main types of integrated systems, which were termed BIOMAS-1A, BIOMAS-1B and BIOMAS-1C. The results of the indicators, as well as the analysis of similarities and differences among the different types constitute elements to be taken into consideration for further studies on integrated food and energy systems with a higher number of farms.
Palavras-chave : Bioenergy; diversification; food production.