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Pastos y Forrajes

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0394


PENTON, Gertrudis et al. Growth of Morus alba L. during the establishment stage, since seedling transplant. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.2, pp.139-151. ISSN 0864-0394.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphoagronomic performance of the specie Morus alba L. var. Tigreada during the first establishment stage, since seedling transplant. For such purpose, the response of the crop to seedling management for transplant was determined, growth was characterized and the linear variables that allow quantifying the leaf area of such variety were determined. The seedlings were maintained in the nursery for 120 days and they were transplanted in the rainy season. The rows were oriented from East to West, with a planting frame of 1,0 x 0,5 m. Adequate weed, pest and disease control was maintained. There was no irrigation and organic matter was applied at the moment of transplant. Two management forms of the seedlings for transplant were established: total defoliation, and cutting at 50 cm of height and total defoliation. During the initial growth stage after transplant, a slight increase was obtained in the regrowth capacity of the cut and defoliated seedlings. This did not affect the establishment of the species, because after 135 days the leaf biomass production varied between 100 and 116 g/plant. Growth in the first 155 days described a sigmoid curve, characterized by a slow rate during the first 21 days; this was followed by intense growth between 30 and 135 days, becoming slow again with the beginning of the dry or winter season. It was proven that the measurement of the leaf length and its adjustment through the nonlinear models Y = B0 + B1X + B2X2 and Y = B0 + B1X + B2X2 + B3X3 allow estimating the leaf area, and this is achieved for the condition that the length of the leaf oval measures between 1,3 and 20,4 cm. The high correlation found makes this estimation procedure appropriate.

Palabras clave : growth; establishment; Morus alba L..

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