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Pastos y Forrajes

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0394

Resumen

LEZCANO, Yohanka et al. Qualitative characterization of the content of secondary metabolites in the edible fraction of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.3, pp.283-291. ISSN 0864-0394.

In order to characterize the phytochemical composition in the edible fraction of Tithonia diversifolia a study was conducted at the EEPF "Indio Hatuey", during the rainy (RS) and dry seasons (DS), with two stages of the physiological cycle (30 and 60 days). The evaluated plant parts were leaves, fresh stems and leaves plus fresh stems. For detecting secondary metabolites phytochemical sieving was used, from an initial methanolic extract. The groups of compounds identified through the method were primary and secondary amino groups, free phenols, tannins, tripertenes and/or steroids, which were detected in low quantities in both periods. Alkaloids were the ones with higher amounts in all the plant fractions during the RS, except in stems and leaves plus stems after 60 days; in the DS they appeared in moderate quantities in all fractions for both ages, except in stems after 60 days. No cardiotonic glycosides, flavonoids, leucoanthocyanidins or saponins were detected, for any plant part. T. diversifolia was concluded to show secondary metabolites in the edible fraction, after 30 as well as 60 days, where alkaloids remarkably stand out during both seasons. In general, the presence of the other metabolites was small and no differences were detected in their appearance, with regards to season and stage of the physiological cycle. To conduct further quantitative studies of these compounds is recommended, to determine the inclusion of this plant in diets for animal feeding.

Palabras clave : Metabolites; Tithonia diversifolia.

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