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Pastos y Forrajes

versión impresa ISSN 0864-0394versión On-line ISSN 2078-8452

Resumen

VILLAZON, J. A; MARTIN, G; RODRIGUEZ, Y  y  COBO, Yakelín. Penetration resistance in a Chromic Vertisol with different uses, managements and sampling sites. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2015, vol.38, n.2, pp.162-169. ISSN 0864-0394.

A study was conducted in order to determine the influence of the land use, tillage system and sampling site on the penetration resistance in a Chromic Vertisol soil. The land uses were: silvopastoral system, natural pasture, food crops and sugarcane; the last one with traditional tillage and localized tillage. The two agricultural uses were sampled in the ridge and the furrow, and the depths were 0-10, 10-20, 20-30 and 30-40 cm. The highest penetration resistance (< 0,001) was found in the areas with livestock production purposes (8,64 and 7,71 impacts dm-3 in natural pasture and silvopastoral system, respectively). The lowest penetration resistance was found, in decreasing order, in the sugarcane furrow with localized tillage, the ridge in food crops and the sugarcane furrow with traditional tillage. This variable increased as the sampling went deeper into the soil profile. In the livestock production uses a layer closer to the surface, in which compaction increased, was observed. It is concluded that most depths were classified as little and moderately compacted; the former appeared in the surface, with variations regarding thickness. Only one compacted layer was found in the 30-40 cm depth, in natural pasture.

Palabras clave : Soil compaction; physical and chemical properties of the soil.

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